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Thursday, December 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Profits and wages in the British coal trade (1898 to 1910) found in the catalog.

Profits and wages in the British coal trade (1898 to 1910)

Thomas Richardson

Profits and wages in the British coal trade (1898 to 1910)

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Published by N.A.C.C. in Newcastle-upon-Tyne .
Written in English

  • Coal trade -- Great Britain.,
  • Wages -- Great Britain.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Thomas Richardson and John A. Walbank.
    ContributionsWalbank, John Arthur., Miners" Federation of Great Britain.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination96p. :
    Number of Pages96
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19673329M

    Coal mining is the classic dangerous trade. There are few, if any, occupations that have taken so many lives or caused so many injuries among its workforce. highlighting the centrality of the industry to British life. The book begins with vivid descriptions of the mining process and the extraordinary changes in that process that, ironically. The journey of a small T-shirt tells a big story Evert Nieuwenhuis | December issue Pietra Rivoli recalls the particularly cold February day in when she watched some students demonstrating on the campus of her employer, Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Globalization was the target of the protest, more specifically The World Bank and multinational corporations. A young.

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Profits and wages in the British coal trade (1898 to 1910) by Thomas Richardson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Profits and wages in the British coal trade ( to ). [Thomas Richardson; John A Walbank]. The Rise of the British Coal Industry: Economics Books @ Skip to main content.

Try Prime Hello, Sign Books Go Search Hello Select your address Best Sellers Customer Service New Releases Find a Gift. Wages Policy in the British Coalmining Industry: A Study of National Wage Bargaining, Volume 27 L.

Handy CUP Archive, - Business & Economics - pages. affecting wages, such as the estimated profits of the owners, the volume of trade, or changes in the cost of production due to the introduction of mechanical coal-cutters, electric haulage, or additional safety devices.

The machinery for securing decisions is important, as it. Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features The Rise of the British Coal Industry, Volume 2 adventurers appear Appendix Augm capital chalder Charles City of London coal industry coal mining coal shipped coal trade coalfield coastwise Coles colliery owners common Company of Hostmen.

The History of the British Coal Industry:the nationalized industry William Ashworth is an award-winning author of numerous environmental and natural history books.

He lives in Ashland, OR. Coal mines and mining Coal mines and mining Great Britain History Coal mines and mining/ Great Britain/ History Coal trade Coal trade. Profits and Losses "The Coal Trade', Westminster Review () 87 G. Bidder, 'The Profits of Coal-Pits' () 89 J. Simpson, Capital and Labour in Coal Mining () 95 T.

Richardson and J. Walbank, Profits and Wages in the British Coal Trade () () Costs and Efficiency Costs Wages and Hours: The Eight Hour Day. IntroductionII. British coal fields and boards of conciliationIII.

Prices and wagesIV. General rates and their interpretation. The hours of labourV. American coal fields and joint agreementsVI. The anthracite problemVII. The iron industry in Great Britain and AmericaVIII. The legal position of trade unionsAppendices. The UK miners' strike was a major dispute over pay between the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) and the Conservative Edward Heath government of the United ' wages had not kept pace with those of other industrial workers since The strike began on 9 January and ended on 28 Februarywhen the miners returned to work.

Martin, the author of The Government and the Control of the British Coal Industry, () pointed out: "The decline in the amount of coal extracted per man-shift and the reduction in the number of shifts worked per year were part of a common cause, namely the decline in the physical ability of the male workers in the industry.

In the British coal-mining industry the year I was a time of great ambitions, but the year I92I was the year of the great disillusionment. In its first few months the industry was saddled with the burdensome wage rates left as a legacy by the govern-ment, while the export trade which had supported these rates had dwindled to insignificant.

Well beforeBritain had become heavily dependent upon coal for its fuel, and coalmining had taken its place among the nation's staple industries. This book traces the production and trade of coal from the intermittent small-scale activity which prevailed in the Middle Ages to the rapid expansion and rising importance which characterized the early modern era.

Profits and Wages in the British Coal Trade: to 96pp. Coal Mines and Nationalisation. 32pp. Coal Industry Commission Act Report. 20th 20pp. The Mid-Rhondda Miners. Fight for tho Right to Live. 24pp. The Labour Party.

The Nationalisation of the Coal Industry. 31 pp. The Economics of Coal. From the Coal Seam to. The British Industrial Revolution, of world output of coal and one half of world production of cotton textiles and iron.

Output per worker was higher in Britain than in any other country. It had enormous colonial possessions imposed a policy of strict free trade, even though wages in India were less than one sixth those. Coal mining in the United Kingdom dates back to Roman times and occurred in many different parts of the country.

Britain's coalfields are associated with Northumberland and Durham, North and South Wales, Yorkshire, the Scottish Central Belt, Lancashire, Cumbria, the East and West Midlands andcoal mining quickly collapsed and had practically disappeared by the 21st century.

Tyrone was effectively fighting British Coal for wages and conditions all his working life, but it was in the latter years that the fight became about the very survival of the pit.

British Coal, towards the end of its regime, earmarked Tower as a pit with no future and were determined to close it down, which would have resulted in devastation Reviews: 2.

Benson, J., Thompson, C.H. & Neville, R.G. Bibliography of the British coal industry. ; British Library Coal mining [permanent dead link] (Social Sciences Collection Guides: Topical Bibliographies) Galloway, R.L.

Annals of coal mining and the coal trade. - v1 of the reprint has a bibliography in the introduction. Linsley, S.M. quarterly report on trade. Full text is unavailable for this digitized archive article.

Subscribers may view the full text of this article in its original form through TimesMachine. Profits and wages in the British Coal Trade, - T.

Richardson and J Walbank. The problem of nationalisation. - Viscount Haldane of Cloan. Housing the worker. - D Clarke. Women and the Reform Bill. - H.N. Brailsford. Public property in land. - J Hyder. Document supply shelfmark: MFR Top Back.

Under John L. Lewis, the United Mine Workers (UMW) became the dominant force in the coal fields in the s and s, producing high wages and benefits.

[26] In at the peak there wereanthracite miners; by only 6, remained. At the same time steam engines were phased out in railways and factories, and bituminous was used primarily for the generation of electricity.

The economic history of the United Kingdom relates the economic development in the British state from the absorption of Wales into the Kingdom of England after to the modern United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland of the early 21st century.

Scotland, England, and Wales shared a monarch from but their economies were run separately until they were unified in the Act. OUTPUT, PRODUCTIVITY AND WAGES IN THE BRITISH COAL INDUSTRY BEFORE Figures for the average profit per ton per annum of the British coal industry are available in Annual Report42 Ashington Coal Co.

Ltd. Minute Book, no. 8, NRO/ZMD 54/11, p. 23; “The Ashington Coal Co. Ltd. Estimate of Value. Coal Industry. The pound was set to $ - the value it had been in - but this was an over-valuation given British economic decline since then This meant British exports were too expensive so uncompetitive Put pressure on coal mining and other industries Reduced wages and unemployment.

ROWE, J. Wages in the coal industry. Studies in economics and political science of the London School of Economics and Political Science, no. (London: P. King. vi, lOs. 6d.) Since the startling revelations and recommendations of the Sankey Commission any fresh study of the British coal industry is of special interest.

Lloyd George, David Coal and Power - The Report of an Enquiry presided over by The Rt. Hon D Lloyd George, Hodder & Stoughton,pp with 16pp of plates illustrating the appalling housing conditions endured by miners families in the 20s. VG. There is a horizontal crease across the front cover - possibly tied with string at some point.

A comprehensive report of an inquiry, headed by. A NEW METHOD OF WAGE ADJUSTMENT IN THE LIGHT OF THE RECENT HISTORY OF WAGE METHODS IN THE BRITISH COAL INDUSTRY No industry in Britain has gone so far in the direction of publicity as has the coal industry. By the terms of the agreement, wage fluctuations were made to depend directly, and by an explicit scale, on the amount of profits.

Britain also suffered from more competition from the United States and Poland in the coal production business. These factors resulted in less production of coal, lower exports of coal, and lower prices of coal. Consequently, mine owners tried to compensate for their loss of income by lowering wages of mineworkers and increasing their hours.

BRITISH COAL EXPORTS AND FREIGHT RATES That British coal exports grew from about million tons in the early s to over 65 million tons by the immediate prewar years is well known (see Fig. 1 and Table 1).2 What is somewhat less well appreciated is the destination of that coal and the characteristics of its shipment.

[vno. ] A scheme for a national minimum wage and the extermination of poverty / by J.M. () --Profits and wages in the British coal trade ( to ) / by Thomas Richardson and John A. Walbank () --Forty-cent minimum wage for the women's apparel industry: a memorandum submitted by the International Ladies' Garment Workers.

BRITISH COAL OWNERS CAUSE NEW DEADLOCK; Refuse to Fix National Scale and Call for Ratio Between Wages and Profits. By Wireless To the New York Times. April 3, All the coal mines in Britain were purchased by the government in and put under the control of the National Coal Board (NCB).

The industry declined steadily despite protests such as the UK miners' strike ().The s and s saw much change in the coal industry, with privatisation, the industry contracting, in some areas quite drastically.

The Monmouthshire and South Wales Coal Owners' Association (MSWCOA) was an association of mine owners in South Wales that was active between and It fought wage increases, safety regulations, unionisation and other changes that would cut into profits.

It managed to link miners wages, which were based on piece-work, to the price of coal. The standard tub size was 30 cubic feet, but collieries used sizes from 27 to 40 cubic feet.

Thirteen hundredweight of coal was the standard load, but this varied, giving clerks scope for under-assessment: Seth, Labour in the Indian Coal Industry, pp.

–; BLEC, vol. 4 C, pp. – The RCL recommended weighment and tub-uniformity. - June coal mine owners attempted to abolish the minimum wage agreement, which specified profits on 87% of all coal would constitute miners' wages - HOWEVER when the French pulled out of the Ruhr and German coal competition returned, Britain's coal pits faced financial strain with owners looking to cut wages by 13% and increase daily hours.

Flinn's book is the first volume to appear in the five-volume history of the British coal industry commissioned by the National Coal Board in Although similar in intent and style to Ashton and Sykes's volume, Flinn's work is richer and more detailed, and will be the standard history of the coal industry of that period for a long time.

The. The general strike in the United Kingdom was a general strike that lasted nine days, from 4 May to 12 May It was called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in an unsuccessful attempt to force the British government to act to prevent wage reductions and worsening conditions for million locked-out coal million workers went out, especially in.

The history of coal mining goes back thousands of years, with early mines documented in ancient China, the Roman Empire and other early historical economies. It became important in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity.

Coal mining continues as an important economic activity today. Ford List title: British Coal and pension arrangements after privatisation Consultative document, appendix 1 A full bibliographic record is available from the University of Southampton Library catalogue.

Topics: Wages - Great Britain, Employment, Industrial Relations - Wages and conditions in particular. Miners’ Lung: A History of Dust Disease in British Coal Mining by Arthur McIvor and Ronald Johnston is a book (ISBN ) which is part of the Studies in Labour History series.

The book argues that British coal mining is the "classic dangerous trade", and even those that escape the immediate dangers of the pit (mine collapses, explosions, suffocation) may be subject to. fall in the price and production of coal; return to the gold standard; mine owners desire to maintain profits by cutting wages/increasing hours; rise in trade union discontent after Black Friday 4 long-term reasons for the General Strike.

Although south Wales produced, at its zenith inper cent of total British coal output, it accounted for between 20 and 30 per cent of total British colliery deaths from the s through until the s. 4 For the south Wales miners, the risk of death in the workplace was ever-present and the experience of serious and disabling.SINCE Great Britain's departure from the gold standard on Septemthe course of the dollar sterling exchange has revealed three major movements.

It fell almost continuously till December, the average daily rate for that month being $ to the pound. From thence onwards it rose to a new maximum in Aprilthe average rate for that month being $  The minimum wage provisions enshrined in the wages agreement ofhe argued, resulted in "a wage bill that the country was in no position to afford'" In support of this claim, Buxton supplied figures for each of the major British coalfields and for the British coal industry as a whole that showed that "the proportion of net proceeds which.